“While the NCHR Act is not explicit on the NCHR function regarding ratification or accession to international human rights instruments, the SCA acknowledges that the NCHR continues to advocate for the ratification of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons against Enforced Disappearances and the Optional Protocol to the Prevention against Torture.

Furthermore, the NCHR reported on its advocacy work for the passing of the Torture and Custodial Death (Prevention and Punishment) Bill as well as prison reforms as per the Mandela and Bangkok Rules. The SCA considers encouraging ratification of, or accession to, international human rights instruments, and the effective implementation of international human rights instruments to which the State is a party, to be a key function of an NHRI. While acknowledging that the NCHR already performs such functions in practice, the SCA urges the NCHR to advocate for appropriate amendments to the NCHR Act to explicitly mandate the encouragement of ratification or accession to regional and international human rights instruments.

The SCA refers to Paris Principle A.3(c) and its General Observation 1.3 on ‘Encouraging ratification or accession to international human rights instruments’.”