The Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), formerly known as the International Coordinating Committee (ICC) of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights, began its activities in 1993.
The ICC was established with an aim to coordinate the activities of the NHRIs at the global level with international organisations. GANHRI is constituted as a non-profit organisation under Swiss law. Its operations and procedures are guided by the GANHRI Statute.
The Statute, first adopted on 21 October 2008 in Nairobi, has gone through a series of revisions in the past years and itwas amended at previous General Meetings in Geneva on 24 March 2009, on 19 May 2011, on 20 March 2012, on 7 May 2013, on 22 March 2016, on 7 March 2017andlastly on 22 February 2018.
The General Assembly is GANHRI’s supreme deliberative body. It adopts and reviews the program of activities; is responsible for electing the membership and monitoring the activities of the GANHRI Bureau, (the board of directors); is responsible for approving amendments to the GANHRI Charter; and approves the budget and financial reports.
Members of the Bureau implement the decisions of the General Assembly. The Bureau is responsible for GANHRI’s day-to-day functions including the development of organisational policies and procedures; the implementation of programs; monitoring financial accounts; and services to members.
Importantly, the Bureau is responsible for decisions on the accreditation of members. It is comprised of 16 members, 4 from each of the GANHRI regional networks of Africa, the Americas, the Asia-Pacific, and Europe.
SCA means the Subcommittee of GANHRI responsible for making recommendations on accreditation under the auspices of OHCHR and which is formally established by the Statute as a sub-committee of the GANHRI Bureau.
The Finance Committee comprises 4 members from A Status Institutions appointed by each of the four regional networks. Members of the Committee shall serve a term of 3 years, renewable once. The Members of the Committee selects from amongst their membership a Chair, to be appointed on a rotational basis by region. The Chairperson serves a term of 3 years from date of appointment:
– Africa (Conseil national des droits de l’homme of Morocco),
– Americas (Commision nacional de los derechos humanos of Mexico),
– Asia and Pacific (National Human Rights Commission of India),
– Europe (Equality and Human Rights Commissions of the UK).