In a unique peer-review-based accreditation process, GANHRI ensures individual NHRIs’ compliance with internationally recognised standards – the Paris Principles – to ensure their independence, pluralism and accountability.
To be effective in their work to promote and protect human rights, national human rights institutions must be credible and independent.
The Paris Principles set out internationally agreed minimum standards that NHRIs must meet to be considered credible.
The Paris Principles require NHRIs to be independent in law, membership, operations, policy and control of resources. They also require that NHRIs have a broad mandate; pluralism in membership; broad functions; adequate powers; adequate resources; cooperative methods; and engage with international bodies.
GANHRI, through the Sub-Committee on Accreditation (SCA), is responsible for reviewing and accrediting NHRIs in compliance with the Paris Principles.
It is a rigorous, peer-based process, undertaken by representatives of NHRIs from each of the four regions: Africa, Americas, Asia Pacific and Europe.
A national human rights institution is reviewed by the SCA when:
- it applies for initial accreditation
- it applies for re-accreditation every five years
- the circumstances of the NHRI change in any way that may affect its compliance with the Paris Principles.
NHRIs that are assessed as complying with the Paris Principles are accredited with ‘A status’, while those that partially comply are accredited with ‘B status’.
As of 2022, GANHRI is composed of 120 members: 88 “A” status NHRIs and 32 “B” status NHRIs.
‘A status’ NHRIs have independent participation rights at the UN Human Rights Council, its subsidiary bodies and some General Assembly bodies and mechanisms. They are eligible for full membership of GANHRI, including the right to vote and hold governance positions.
NHRIs accredited with ‘B status’ participate in GANHRI meetings but are unable to vote or hold governance positions.
GANHRI SCA Manual
On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the Paris Principles, GANHRI released this Manual on the Accreditation process. The Manual sets out the accreditation process and highlights the work of the Sub Committee on Accreditation in reviewing NHRIs from all regions of the world.
Documents of reference
Practice Note 1
Practice Note 2
Practice Note 3
Practice Note 4
Practice Note 5
- ENG_Practice Note 5 – Sources of information to assess the performance of NHRIs_adopted_18.05.2019
- FRE_Practice Note 5 – Sources of information to assess the performance of NHRIs_adopted_18.05.2019
- ESP_Practice Note 5 – Sources of information to assess the performance of NHRIs_adopted_18.05.2019
- ARA_Practice Note 5 – Sources of information to assess the performance of NHRIs_adopted_18.05.2019