Accreditation

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In a unique peer-review-based accreditation process, GANHRI ensures individual NHRIs’ compliance with internationally recognised standards – the Paris Principles – to ensure their independence, pluralism and accountability.

To be effective in their work to promote and protect human rights, national human rights institutions must be credible and independent.

The Paris Principles set out internationally agreed minimum standards that NHRIs must meet to be considered credible.

The Paris Principles require NHRIs to be independent in law, membership, operations, policy and control of resources. They also require that NHRIs have a broad mandate; pluralism in membership; broad functions; adequate powers; adequate resources; cooperative methods; and engage with international bodies.

GANHRI,  through the Sub-Committee on Accreditation (SCA), is responsible for reviewing and accrediting NHRIs in compliance with the Paris Principles.

It is a rigorous, peer-based process, undertaken by representatives of NHRIs from each of the four regions: Africa, Americas, Asia Pacific and Europe.

A national human rights institution is reviewed by the SCA when:

  • it applies for initial accreditation
  • it applies for re-accreditation every five years
  • the circumstances of the NHRI change in any way that may affect its compliance with the Paris Principles.

GANHRI SCA Manual

On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the Paris Principles, GANHRI released this Manual on the Accreditation process. The Manual sets out the accreditation process and highlights the work of the Sub Committee on Accreditation in reviewing NHRIs from all regions of the world.

Accreditation status

NHRIs that are assessed as complying with the Paris Principles are accredited with ‘A status’, while those that partially comply are accredited with ‘B status’.

‘A status’ NHRIs have independent participation rights at the UN Human Rights Council, its subsidiary bodies and some General Assembly bodies and mechanisms. They are eligible for full membership of GANHRI, including the right to vote and hold governance positions.

NHRIs accredited with ‘B status’ participate in GANHRI meetings but are unable to vote or hold governance positions.

 

 

NHRI Accreditation Database

The NHRI Accreditation Database collects excerpts from the SCA reports since 2017 and organises them against the requirements set out by the Paris Principles and the General Observations offering valuable insights into the criteria that ensure the effectiveness and independence of each GANHRI member.

The database has been developed by the GANHRI Head Office under the framework of the Strong NHRIs Project funded by the European Union.