“Article 2 Bis (a) of the Law provides that the House of Representatives receives nomination from the Supreme Council of Universities, the Supreme Council of Culture, professional syndicates, and other civil society organizations (CSOs). Article 2 Bis (a) further provides that the General Committee of the House of Representatives selects by majority of vote with due consideration for an equitable representation of all segments of the Egyptian society. The Parliament’s decision becomes final after its endorsement by the President of the Republic, and the official gazette shall publish the relevant Presidential decree. The Law does not require publication of vacancies nor uniform selection criteria by different nominating entities. 

The SCA highlights that it is critically important to ensure the formalization of a clear, transparent, and participatory selection and appointment process for an NHRI’s decision-making body in relevant legislation, regulations, or binding administrative guidelines, as appropriate. A process that promotes merit-based selection and ensures pluralism is necessary to ensure the independence of, and public confidence in, the senior leadership of an NHRI. The SCA is of the view that advertising vacancies broadly maximizes the potential number of candidates, thereby promoting pluralism. It is recommended that the selection and appointment process be formalized in relevant legislation, regulations, or binding administrative guidelines, as appropriate. 

The SCA encourages the NCHR to advocate for the formalization and application of a uniform process that includes requirements to: 

– Publicize vacancies broadly; 

– Promote broad consultation and/or participation in the application, screening, selection, and appointment process; 

– Assess applicants on the basis of pre-determined, objective, and publicly available criteria; and 

– Select members to serve in their own individual capacity rather than on behalf of the organization they represent. 

The SCA refers to Paris Principles B.1 and its General Observation 1.8 on ‘Selection and appointment of the decision-making body of NHRIs’.”